The infographics to Leonardo da Vinci's 500th anniversary — the timeline of the artist's life, his scientific studies, major paintings, inventions, key events, other artists of his time & their patrons.
There are three blocks — time, studies & masterpieces. They show the connection between the events in Europe in 1450–1520 years and development of Leonardo Da Vinci's genius.
Time as condition
Renaissance was full of outstanding artists. It was the best period for Leonardo to develop his genius.
Study to develop the genius
Leonardo was lifelong student: his manuscripts contain 5395 lists with sketches, notes & scientific diagrams.
Masterpieces as the result
He developed a unique «theory of knowledge» where art & science form a synthesis. The most expensive & the best known paintings in the world are his works.
Colours of the Infographics
The perfect time to be genius
The Renaissance is a period in European history in 14th–17th centuries, marking the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity.
It began in the 14th century in Florence. The city was wealthy, modern & forward-thinking one for its times (a free republic, one of the few on the peninsula). The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks caused the migration of Greek scholars & their texts to Italy.
It was the age of discovery and development in all spheres of life imaginable. The intellectual basis of the Renaissance was humanistic idea: «Man is the measure of all things». This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science & literature.
The time was full of outstanding masters. Among Leonardo's contemporaries were Botticelli & Donatello, Bosch & Durer, Rafael, Titian & Michelangelo.
Leonardo's biography: key events & periods of his life, and his appearance
The major events of the time, discoveries and architecture
Famous artists, their major works & their patrons — contemporaries of Leonardo
Study to recreate the nature
«The mind of the painter is transformed into a copy of the divine mind, since it operates freely in creating many kinds of animals, plants, fruits, landscapes, countrysides, ruins, and awe-inspiring places»
Da Vinci may be best known as an artist but he was also an engineer, thinker & inventor. His notebooks / manuscripts reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry & inventiveness that were centuries ahead of their time.
The results of his research were among the first great achievements of the forthcoming age's thinking, because they were based to an unprecedented degree on the principle of experience. He developed a unique «theory of knowledge» where art & science form a synthesis.
In his anatomical studies Leonardo «bridged the gap between medieval & modern anatomy» and used this knowledge in his arts.
All the manuscripts of Leonardo: their descriptions, comparison & number of pages diagram
The analysis of 1450 scientific studies (the most active years & subjects of interest)
Leonardo's inventions, drawings, progress in studies of anatomy
Masterpieces as the result
«Nature is the source of all true knowledge. She has her own logic, her own laws, she has no effect without cause nor invention without necessity»
17 of his paintings are generally attributed either in whole or in large part to him. Works are regularly attributed to him with varying degrees of credibility — none of Leonardo's paintings are signed. The attributions draw on the opinions of various scholars. It is believed that he made many more, only for them to be lost over the years or remain unidentified.
8 of his works is considered lost & are known only as copies, early sketches or his contemporaries' evidence.
13 paintings of Leonardo has disputed attribution.
6 works, including his longest project ever (Gran Cavallo), were not completed.
The small number of surviving paintings is due in part to Leonardo's frequently disastrous experimentation with new techniques & his chronic procrastination. Nevertheless, these few works together with his notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, comprise a contribution to later generations of artists, scientists & inventors.
Leonardo's works by years: attributed to him, disputedly attributed, uncompleted & lost
Comparison of the biggest equestrian monuments of his time
Differences in twin versions of "Virgin of the Rocks" (Louvre vs National Gallery versions)